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Free Content Human papillomavirus type distribution among women with cervical pathology – a study over 4 years at Jimma Hospital, southwest Ethiopia

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Summary Over the period 1998–2001 women attending Jimma hospital (southwest Ethiopia) with cervical dysplasia were screened for human papillomavirus (HPV), identifying a prevalence of 67.1% in this population. High-risk HPV types 16 (55.7%), 18 (8.2%), 56 (8.2%), 45 (4.1%), 39 (2.5%), 52 (1.6%), 31 (1.6%), 35 (1.6%), 58 (0.8%), 33 (0.8%), 59 (0.8%) caused severe pathology as single/multiple infection. Strategies need to be envisioned for vaccinating children, young women prior to first sexual contact and preventive screening of HPV high-risk types.

Au cours de la période 1998-2001, les femmes fréquentant l’hôpital de Jimma dans le sud-ouest de l’Ethiopie avec une dysplasie cervicale ont été testées pour le VPH, identifiant une prévalence de 67,1% dans cette population. Les VPH de haut risque de type 16 (55,7%), 18 (8,2%), 56 (8,2%), 45 (4,1%), 39 (2,5%), 52 (1,6%), 31 (1,6%), 35 (1,6%), 58 (0,8%), 33 (0,8%), 59 (0,8%) provoquaient une pathologie grave sous forme d’infections uniques ou multiples. Des stratégies doivent être envisagées pour la vaccination des enfants et des jeunes femmes avant le premier contact sexuel ainsi que pour le dépistage préventif des types de VPH à risque élevé.
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Keywords: Ethiopia; Ethiopie; Etiopía; HPV; Jimma; VPH; cancer du col de l’utérus; carcinoma; carcinome; cervical cancer; cáncer cervical; human papillomavirus; virus del papiloma humano; virus du papillome humain

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1:  Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences and Pathology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia 2:  Laboratory for Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium 3:  School of Pharmacy, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia 4:  Pathology Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium

Publication date: August 1, 2010

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