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Free Content Pentamidine as secondary prophylaxis for visceral leishmaniasis in the immunocompromised host: report of four cases

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We report a retrospective and descriptive study of four immunocompromised patients (three with HIV‐1 and one with idiopathic CD4+‐lymphopenia) with relapsing visceral leishmaniasis seen at the Hospital for Tropical Diseases, London, in whom pentamidine was used as secondary prophylaxis to prevent relapse. Patients experienced between one and four relapses before commencing prophylaxis with subsequent relapse‐free periods ranging from 5 to 98 months. Based on these observational data, we recommend large trials to investigate the efficacy of pentamidine over other agents in preventing relapse of VL in the immunocompromised patient.
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Keywords: HIV; Leishmaniasis; VIH; VIH+; hospedero inmunocomprometido; hôte immunodéprimé; immunocompromised host; leishmaniasis; leishmaniose; pentamidina; pentamidine; profilaxis; prophylaxie; prophylaxis

Language: English

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations:  Hospital for Tropical Diseases, London, UK

Publication date: September 1, 2009

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