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Free Content Short communication: Soil-transmitted helminthiasis in Uganda: epidemiology and cost of control

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Summary

A countrywide description of the distribution of soil-transmitted helminths in Uganda is reported, based on data for 20 185 schoolchildren from 271 schools. The overall prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura and hookworm was 6.3%, 5.0% and 43.5%, respectively. The prevalence of A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura was unevenly distributed in the country with prevalence greatest in south-western Uganda whereas hookworm was generally more homogeneously distributed. Based on preliminary cost analysis of an ongoing school-based control programme, the financial delivery cost per schoolchild treated with albendazole is estimated to be between US$ 0.04 and 0.08 in different districts.
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Keywords: Ascaris lumbricoides; Trichuris trichiura; Uganda; control; epidemiology; hookworm; intervention costs; soil-transmitted helminths

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Vector Control Division, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda 2: School Health Programme, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda 3: Child Days, UNICEF/Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda 4: Health Services C&C, Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda 5: Department of Zoology, Natural History Museum, London, UK 6: Schistosomiasis Control Initiative, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, London, UK 7: Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK

Publication date: November 1, 2005

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