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Short communication: Prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar in northern Ghana

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Since the redescription of the potentially invasive Entamoeba histolytica, separating it from the morphologically identical non-invasive Entamoeba dispar, there is a need for the reassessment of epidemiological data on amoebiasis. In this context we conducted a descriptive survey on the presence of E. histolytica and E. dispar in a rural area in northern Ghana. We found a high prevalence (39.8%) of the E. histolytica/E. dispar complex with microscopy, but E. histolytica and E. dispar-specific DNA amplification using real-time polymerase chain reaction identified only one E. histolytica case and revealed a considerably higher prevalence of E. dispar (82.8%).
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Keywords: Entamoeba dispar; Entamoeba histolytica; Sub-Saharan Africa

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: 1: Department of Parasitology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands 2: Health Services, Ministry of Health, Bawku, Bawku District, Ghana

Publication date: December 1, 2003

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