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Interactions between Schistosoma haematobium and Schistosoma mansoni in humans in north Cameroon

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Summary Objectives 

To analyse the relationships between the frequency of ectopic localizations of Schistosoma haematobium and S. mansoni eggs. Methods 

Studies were conducted in 11 villages in north Cameroon, around Bessoum, a village where an epidemic of bloody diarrhoea caused by S. mansoni occurred in 1997. Results 

The results revealed infection prevalence rates of 70.5% for S. haematobium and 30.8% for S. mansoni. Interestingly, S. mansoni eggs were found in 14.5% of the urine samples and S. haematobium eggs in 3% of the stool samples. These ectopic eliminations of schistosome eggs resulted from sexual interactions between the two species of schistosomes, and from a spill-over of high infection loads. The clinical study showed that the morbidity was lower in individuals with mixed infections and high loads of S. haematobium than in those with S. mansoni infections only, suggesting a possible lowering effect of S. haematobium infection on S. mansoni morbidity. Discussion 

The results obtained in human populations are discussed in relation to the known schistosome interspecific interactions in animal models.
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Keywords: Cameroon; Schistosoma haematobium; Schistosoma mansoni; ectopic eggs; schistosomiasis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Unité de Recherche Clinique, Faculté de médecine, Créteil, France 2: Laboratory of General Biology, University of Yaoundé I, and Centre Schistosomiasis and Parasitology, Yaoundé, Cameroon 3: Centre Pasteur du Cameroun (CPC), Yaoundé, Cameroon 4: Délégation provinciale de la Santé du Nord, Garoua, Cameroon 5: Laboratoire des Listeria, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France

Publication date: December 1, 2003

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