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An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of IgG1 antibodies specific to human cystic echinococcosis in Egypt

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Human cystic hydatidosis (cystic echinococcosis) is a chronic zoonotic disease that results from infection with the dog tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. In Egypt, cystic echinococcosis (CE) is recognized in slaughtered livestock by veterinarians, however, there is little information about human CE infection rates. We describe an immunological assay useful for the diagnosis of human cystic hydatidosis. Sera were collected from surgically confirmed hydatid cases (34), nonendemic subjects free from parasitic infection (20) and from subjects (109) infected with other helminths (Hymenolepis nana, Schistosoma mansoni, Fasciola hepatica and Ancylostoma duodenale). Hydatid cyst fluid (HCF) of camel origin was used as antigen in an ELISA format to measure total E. granulosus specific IgG antibodies and IgG subclasses. Sensitivity measurements of total IgG, and IgG1–4 were 100, 100, 79.4, 61.8 and 55.9%, respectively, whereas respective specificity reached 65.1, 97.7, 98.4, 96.1 and 83.7%. The diagnostic value of measuring IgG1 (97.7%), as assessed by a rating index (J) for combined sensitivity and specificity, was superior to total IgG (65.1%) and IgG2–4 (77.8, 57.9 and 39.6%, respectively). These findings set the stage for field evaluation of the IgG1 assay in areas endemic with human cystic hydatidosis.
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Keywords: Echinococcus granulosus; Egypt; hydatidosis; serodiagnosis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Research and Training Centre on Vectors of Diseases, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt 2: Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Publication date: September 1, 1999

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