Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

The use of magnesium to prevent laryngospasm after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy: a preliminary study

Buy Article:

$43.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Summary

Background: Laryngospasm is the most common cause of upper airway obstruction after tracheal extubation. Magnesium has a central nervous system depressant property, which contributes to the depth of anaesthesia. It also has calcium antagonist properties, which provide muscle relaxation. In this study, we aimed to determine the effect of magnesium on preventing laryngospasm.

Methods: After approval of the Ethics Committee and informed parental consent, 40 patients, ASA I–II, aged 3–12 years, who were scheduled for tonsillectomy or/and adenoidectomy, were randomly divided into two groups. Anaesthesia was induced with sevoflurane, lidocaine 1 mg·kg−1, alfentanil 10 µg·kg−1, vecuronium 0.1 mg·kg−1 and maintained with sevoflurane 2% and 60% nitrous oxide in oxygen. After intubation, patients in group I received 15 mg·kg−1 magnesium in 30 ml 0.9% NaCl over 20 min. Patients in group II received 0.9% NaCl alone in the same volume. After reversal of neuromuscular blockade, all patients were extubated at a very deep plane of anaesthesia. The incidence of laryngospasm was determined until the time of discharge from the postanaesthesia care unit.

Results: Although laryngospasm was not observed in group I, it was observed in five patients in group II (25%). The incidence of laryngospasm in group II was significantly higher than group I. The plasma magnesium concentrations were significantly higher in group I than group II.

Conclusions: We found a significant decrease in the incidence of laryngospasm in paediatric patients receiving magnesium. It is suggested that the use of intravenous magnesium intraoperatively may prevent laryngospasm.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: adenotonsillectomy; laryngospasm; magnesium

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Anaesthesia, Inonu University School of Medicine, Turkey

Publication date: 01 January 2003

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more