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Epidemiology and prognosis of candidaemia in elderly patients

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The aim of the study was to analyse the epidemiology and prognosis of candidaemia in elderly patients. We performed a comparison of clinical presentation of candidaemia according to age and a study of hazard factors within a prospective programme performed in 29 hospitals. One hundred and seventy‐six episodes occurred in elderly patients (>75 years), 227 episodes in middle‐aged patients (61‐75 years) and 232 episodes in younger patients (16‐60 years). Central venous catheter, parenteral nutrition, neutropenia, immunosuppressive therapy and candidaemia caused by Candida parapsilosis were less frequent in elderly patients. These patients received inadequate antifungal therapy (57.3%) more frequently than middle‐aged and younger patients (40.5% P < .001). Mortality during the first week (20%) and 30 days (42%) was higher in elderly patients. The variables independently associated with mortality in elderly patients during the first 7 days were acute renal failure (OR: 2.64), Pitt score (OR: 1.57) and appropriate antifungal therapy (OR: 0.132). Primary candidaemia (OR: 2.93), acute renal failure (OR: 3.68), Pitt score (OR: 1.38), appropriate antifungal therapy (OR: 0.3) and early removal of the central catheter (OR: 0.47) were independently associated with 30‐day mortality.In conclussion, inadequate antifungal treatment is frequently prescribed to elderly patients with candidaemia and is related with early and late mortality.
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Keywords: aged; antifungal agents; candidaemia; central venous catheters; mortality

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2017

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