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Efficacy and tolerability of sertaconazole nitrate 2% cream vs. miconazole in patients with cutaneous dermatophytosis

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Summary

Sertaconazole is a new antifungal agent. To compare the efficacy and tolerability of sertaconazole and miconazole cream in cutaneous dermatophytosis, this prospective, randomized, multicentric comparative, phase 4 study was undertaken in 260 patients with cutaneous dermatophytosis after approvals from Institutional Ethics Committees. Patients were assigned to sertaconazole cream (2%) or miconazole cream (2%) topically twice daily for 2 weeks after obtaining informed consent. Efficacy variables included changes in mean scores of erythema, pruritus, desquamation, erythema/itching, burning/weeping, scaling/pustule and overall global assessment. Safety and tolerability were also assessed. A total of 122 patients in the sertaconazole group and 128 in the miconazole group completed the study with 10 drop-outs. There was a significant decrease (P < 0.05) in mean symptom scores and total scores from the first week onwards, sustained till 2 weeks and statistically significant (P < 0.05) in favour of sertaconazole. Moreover, 62.3% patients had complete clinical cure in the sertaconazole group (P < 0.05) compared with 44.6% in miconazole users. Both drugs were well tolerated and five patients in the sertaconazole group and nine in the miconazole group reported mild to moderate adverse events. Therapy with sertaconazole cream (2%) provided a better efficacy and tolerability compared with the miconazole cream (2%) and could thus be a therapeutic option in cutaneous dermatophytosis.
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Keywords: Sertaconazole; cutaneous infections; dermatophytosis; miconazole

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Medical Services, Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Mumbai, India 2: Department of Dermatology, STDs and Leprosy, Grant Medical College & G.T. Hospital, Mumbai, India 3: Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Grant Medical College and Sir J J Group of Hospitals, Byculla, Mumbai, India 4: Surya Skin Care & Research Centre, Maharanipeta, Visakhapatnam, India 5: Institute of Allergic and Immunologic and Skin Disease, Kolkata, India

Publication date: May 1, 2011

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