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A 5-year survey of dermatomycoses in southwest Poland, years 2003–2007

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The study was performed to analyse the spectrum of dermatomycoses in southwest Poland during the period 2003–2007. A total of 10 486 patients were investigated for fungal skin infections by means of native specimen and cultivating procedures. Skin scrapings, plucked hairs and nail clippings were examined and identified by direct microscopy and culture. From 2468 patients, 2753 fungi were identified including dermatophytes, yeast and moulds. Among the dermatophytes, the most common pathogen isolated was Trichophyton rubrum (59.4%), followed in descending order by: Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. interdigitale (16.6%), Trichophyton mentagrophytes var. mentagrophytes (9.0%), Trichophyton tonsurans (6.8%), Microsporum canis (5.1%) and Epidermophyton floccosum (2.7%). Among the yeast-like fungi, a marked predominance of Candida species was observed (86.3%). Scopulariopsis brevicaulis was the most commonly isolated mould (25.2%). The most frequently affected body sites were the toenails (53.9%), followed by the fingernails (19.0%). In children under 15 years of age, glabrous skin was the most commonly affected body site with M. canis as the most frequent causative agent.
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Keywords: Dermatomycoses; Poland; dermatophytes; epidemiology; moulds; yeast-like fungi

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology, Medical University of Wroclaw, Poland

Publication date: March 1, 2011

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