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Retrospective study of onychomycosis in Italy: 1985–2000

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Cases of onychomycosis diagnosed by mycological examination in three mycology units (Florence, Siena and Milan) of central and northern Italy over the 15-year period, 1985–2000, were studied retrospectively. The number of cases was 4046 (1952 women, 2094 men). Dermatophytes were isolated in 2859, yeasts in 655 and moulds in 532 cases. The most frequent dermatophyte was Trichophyton rubrum (87%), followed by T. mentagrophytes var. interdigitale (10%). Candida albicans (93.2%) was the prevalent yeast. Moulds were mainly Scopulariopsis brevicaulis (48.6%) and Aspergillus spp. (25.2%). Dermatophytes and moulds most commonly infected the toenails, yeasts the fingernails.
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Keywords: Italy; Onychomycosis; dermatophytes; epidemiology; moulds; yeasts

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Dermatological Sciences, University of Siena, Siena 2: Department of Dermatology, San Paolo Hospital, University of Milan, Milan 3: Department of Dermatological Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy

Publication date: January 1, 2005

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