The immune evasion protein Sbi of Staphylococcus aureus occurs both extracellularly and anchored to the cell envelope by binding lipoteichoic acid
The Sbi protein of Staphylococcus aureus comprises two IgG‐binding domains similar to those of protein A and a region that triggers the activation of complement C3. Sbi is expressed on the cell surface but its C‐terminal domain lacks motifs associated with wall or membrane anchoring of proteins in Gram‐positive bacteria. Cell‐associated Sbi fractionates with the cytoplasmic membrane and is not solubilized during protoplast formation. S. aureus expressing Sbi truncates of the C‐terminal Y domain allowed identification of residues that are required for association of Sbi with the membrane. Recombinant Sbi bound to purified cytoplasmic membrane material in vitro and to purified lipoteichoic acid. This explains how Sbi partitions with the membrane in fractionation experiments yet is partially exposed on the cell surface. An LTA‐defective mutant of S. aureus had reduced levels of Sbi in the cytoplasmic membrane.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Microbiology Department, Moyne Institute of Preventive Medicine, Trinity College, Dublin 2, Ireland 2: Section of Microbiology, Imperial College London, Armstrong Rd, London SW7 2AZ, UK 3: Department of Molecular Medicine, Viale Taramelli 3/b, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Publication date: February 1, 2012