Regulation of purine biosynthesis by a eukaryotic-type kinase in Streptococcus agalactiae
Group B streptococci (GBS) are the principal causal agents of human neonatal pneumonia, sepsis and meningitis. We had previously described the existence of a eukaryotic-type serine/threonine kinase (Stk1) and phosphatase (Stp1) in GBS that regulate growth and virulence of the pathogen. Our previous results also demonstrated that these enzymes reversibly phosphorylated an inorganic pyrophosphatase. To understand the role of these eukaryotic-type enzymes on growth of GBS, we assessed the stk1-mutants for auxotrophic requirements. In this report, we describe that in the absence of the kinase (Stk1), GBS are attenuated for de novo purine biosynthesis and are consequently growth arrested. During growth in media lacking purines, the intracellular G nucleotide pools (GTP, GDP and GMP) are significantly reduced in the Stk1-deficient strains, while levels of A nucleotides (ATP, ADP and AMP) are marginally increased when compared with the isogenic wild-type strain. We provide evidence that the reduced pools of G nucleotides result from altered activity of the IMP utilizing enzymes, adenylosuccinate synthetase (PurA) and IMP dehydrogenase (GuaB) in these strains. We also demonstrate that Stk1 and Stp1 reversibly phosphorylate and consequently regulate PurA activity in GBS. Collectively, these data indicate the novel role of eukaryotic-type kinases in regulation of metabolic processes such as purine biosynthesis.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Division of Infectious Disease and Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center and University of Washington, Suite 300, Mail Stop CW, 307 Westlake Ave. North, Seattle, WA 98109, USA.
Publication date: June 1, 2005