gmr, a new Escherichia coli gene involved in the modulation of RNase II
RNase II levels change according to the growth conditions: characterization of
In Escherichia coli, ribonucleases are effectors that rapidly modulate the levels of mRNAs for adaptation to a changing environment. Factors involved in the regulation of these ribonucleases can be relevant for mRNA stability. RNase II is one of the main ribonucleases responsible for exonucleolytic activity in E. coli extracts. We have identified and characterized a new E. coli gene, which was named gmr ( gene modulating RNase II). The results demonstrate that a deletion of gmr can be associated with changes in RNase II levels and activity. Western analysis and exoribonuclease activity assays showed a threefold increase in RNase II in the gmr deletion strain. Gmr does not affect RNase II mRNA, but modulates RNase II at the level of protein stability. RNase II protein turnover is slower in the gmr deletion strain. We also show that RNase II levels change in different media, and that this regulation is abolished in a strain lacking gmr. The data presented here show that the regulation of ribonucleolytic activity can depend on growth conditions, and this regulation can be mediated by factors that are not RNases.
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Document Type: Research Article
Instituto Tecnologia Química e Biológica (ITQB), Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Apart. 127, 2781-901 Oeiras, Portugal.
Laboratoire de Microbiologie et Génétique Moléculaire, CNRS, UMR 5100, Toulouse, France.
March 1, 2001