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Molecular characterization of group A streptococcal (GAS) oligopeptide permease (Opp) and its effect on cysteine protease production

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Bacterial oligopeptide permeases are membrane-associated complexes of five proteins belonging to the ABC-transporter family, which have been found to be involved in obtaining nutrients, cell-wall metabolism, competence, and adherence to host cells. A lambda library of the strain CS101 group A streptococcal (GAS) genome was used to sequence 10 192 bp containing the five genes oppA to oppF of the GAS opp operon. The deduced amino acid sequences exhibited 50–84% homology to pneumococcal AmiA to AmiF sequences. The operon organization of the five genes was confirmed by transcriptional analysis and an additional shorter oppA transcript was detected. Insertional inactivation was used to create serotype M49 strains which did not express either the oppA gene or the ATPase genes, oppD and oppF. The mutation in oppA confirmed that the additional shorter oppA transcript originated from the opp operon and was probably due to an intra-operon transcription terminator site located downstream of oppA. While growth kinetics, binding of serum proteins, and attachment to eukaryotic cells were unaffected, the oppD/F mutants showed reduced production of the cysteine protease, SpeB, and a change in the pattern of secreted proteins. Thus, the GAS opp operon appears to contribute to both protease production and export/processing of secreted proteins.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Institute of Medical Microbiology, Hospital of the Technical University (Klinikum RWTH), Pauwelsstrasse 30, D-52057 Aachen, Germany. 2: Institute of Experimental Microbiology, University Jena, Winzerlaer Strasse 10, D-07745 Jena, Germany. 3: Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, Hospital of the University, Robert-Koch-Strasse 8, D-89081 Ulm, Germany. 4: Department of Microbiology, Box 196 UMHC, University of Minnesota, 420 Delaware Street SE, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA.

Publication date: September 1, 1996

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