The amplifiable unit of DNA no. 1 (AUD1) of Streptomyces lividans consists of three 1 kb repeats (left direct repeat, LDR; middle direct repeat, MDR; and the slightly different right direct repeat, RDR) and two 4.7 kb repeats alternately arranged in identical orientation to each other. Both 4.7 kb repeats have been sequenced. They are identical and contain one open reading frame (orf4.7 ). The deduced amino acid sequence has a low similarity to chitinases, and two amino acid repeats present high similarities to fibronectin type III modules. Sequencing had previously shown that the ORF corresponding to each 1 kb repeat encodes a putative DNA-binding protein. Crude extracts of Escherichia coli overexpressing the orfRDR-encoded protein and of S. lividans Jni1, having a high amplification of AUD1 and therefore orfMDR, were used in gel retardation assays. The orfRDR- and probably the orfMDR-encoded proteins can bind to an imperfect palindromic sequence upstream from MDR and RDR and to another sequence downstream from RDR. An extrachromosomal DNA amplification system was constructed containing different combinations of the sequences composing AUD1. In mutants having a deletion of the chromosomal AUD1, the 4.7 kb repeats could be reduced in size, mutated or replaced by E. coli DNA without altering the ability to amplify when RDR was present. Therefore, the only function of the 4.7 kb repeats in amplification is to provide directly repeated DNA sequences. When RDR was lacking or mutated, no amplification was observed. This strongly suggests that the DNA-binding protein encoded by orfRDR is required for AUD1 amplification.
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Document Type: Research Article
Institut für Industrielle Genetik, Universität Stuttgart, Allmandring 31, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany.
Institut für Medizinische Chemie und Biochemie, Universität Innsbruck, Fritz-Pregl-Straße 3, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria.
September 1, 1996