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Fractal dimensions characterizing mammal teeth: a case study involving Elephantidae

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1. Dental features frequently have provided data for producing and deducing mammal taxonomies and phylogeny, yet quantitative or statistical analyses for describing intricacies that characterize tooth form are wanting.

2. A method for determining fractal dimensions D that characterize enamel ridges constituting occlusal surfaces for teeth in some mammal species is presented; D quantify complexity (i.e. convolution). The method is exemplified with an analysis that was conducted on teeth from the Family Elephantidae.
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Keywords: character; dental; elephant; mammoth; morphology; morphometrics; systematics; taxonomy

Document Type: Short Communication

Affiliations: Department of Zoology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 3G5, Canada

Publication date: January 1, 2005

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