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Neurofilament light mutation causes hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with pyramidal signs

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To identify novel mutations causing hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN) with pyramidal signs, a variant of Charcot‐Marie‐Tooth disease (CMT), we screened 28 CMT and related genes in four members of an affected Japanese family. Clinical features included weakness of distal lower limb muscles, foot deformity, and mild sensory loss, then late onset of progressive spasticity. Electrophysiological studies revealed widespread neuropathy. Electron microscopic analysis showed abnormal mitochondria and mitochondrial accumulation in the neurons and Schwann cells. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an abnormally thin corpus callosum. In all four, microarrays detected a novel heterozygous missense mutation c.1166A>G (p.Y389C) in the gene encoding the light‐chain neurofilament protein (NEFL), indicating that NEFL mutations can result in a HMSN with pyramidal signs phenotype.
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Keywords: Charcot‐Marie‐Tooth disease; gene chip array; hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with pyramidal signs; light‐chain neurofilament protein (NEFL); mitochondrial accumulation

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2014

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