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Evaluation Of Alpha 1-Adrenoceptor Antagonist On Diabetes-Induced Changes In Peripheral Nerve Function, Metabolism, And Antioxidative Defense

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The role for nerve blood flow (NBF) vs. other factors in motor nerve conduction (MNC) slowing in short-term diabetes was assessed by evaluating alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonist prazosin on NBF, MNC, as well as metabolic imbalances and oxidative stress in the neural tissue. Control and diabetic rats were treated with or without prazosin (5 mg.kg (−1).d(−1) for 3 wk). NBF was measured by hydrogen clearance. Both endoneurial vascular conductance and MNC velocity were decreased in diabetic rats vs. controls, and this decrease was prevented by prazosin. Free NAD(+):NADH ratios in mitochondrial cristae, matrix, and cytosol assessed by metabolite indicator method, as well as phosphocreatine levels and phosphocreatine/creatine ratios, were decreased in diabetic rats, and this reduction was ameliorated by prazosin. Neither diabetes-induced accumulation of two major glycation agents, glucose and fructose, as well as sorbitol and total malondialdehyde plus 4-hydroxyalkenals nor depletion of myo-inositol, GSH, and taurine or decrease in (Na/K)-ATP-ase activity were affected by prazosin. In conclusion, decreased NBF, but not metabolic imbalances or oxidative stress in the neural tissue, is a key mechanism of MNC slowing in short-term diabetes. Further experiments are needed to estimate whether preservation of NBF is sufficient for prevention of nerve dysfunction and morphological abnormalities in long-standing diabetes or whether the aforementioned metabolic imbalances closely associated with impaired neurotropism are of greater importance in advanced than in early diabetic neuropathy.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: FASEB Journal 14: 1548–1558, 2000. Reprinted with permission from the Federation of American Society for Experimental Biology.

Publication date: March 1, 2001

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