Anti-Sulfatide Igm Antibodies In Peripheral Neuropathy
Anti-sulfatide IgM antibodies have been recently associated with neuropathy but the clinical and electrophysiological correlations of this reactivity remains unclear. We reviewed the clinical and electrophysiological features of patients with high anti-sulfatide titers detected in our laboratory from 1991 to 1998. Of the 564 patients with different neurological diagnosis tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), 11 had high anti-sulfatide IgM titers (>1/8000), 26 had titers of 1/8000 while 78 had titers of 1/4000. All patients with high anti-sulfatide IgM titers had a chronic, dysimmune, mostly sensorimotor neuropathy that in seven was associated with IgM monoclonal gammopathy. In most of these patients electrophysiological and morphological studies were consistent with a predominantly demyelinating neuropathy frequently associated with prominent axonal loss. Antibody titers of 1/8000, though always associated with neuropathy, did not correlate with a particular form or cause of neuropathy, while lower titers were equally distributed in patients with different neurological disorders. Our study indicates that high anti-sulfatide IgM titers (>1/8000) are highly predictive for a chronic, dysimmune, mostly demyelinating neuropathy often associated with IgM monoclonal gammopathy, and may therefore have potential diagnostic relevance.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Journal of the Neurological Sciences 176: 144–150, 2000. Reprinted with permission from Elsevier Science BV.
Publication date: March 1, 2001