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EXPERIMENTAL ALLERGIC NEURITIS IN THE SJL/J MOUSE: INDUCTION OF SEVERE AND REPRODUCIBLE DISEASE WITH BOVINE PERIPHERAL NERVE MYELIN AND PERTUSSIS TOXIN WITH OR WITHOUT INTERLEUKIN-12

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We report a reproducible model of experimental allergic neuritis (EAN) with severe clinical signs and consistent pathological features in mice. Pertussis toxin (PT) in the presence or absence of murine recombinant interleukin-12 (mrIL-12) was used as an adjuvant with bovine peripheral nerve myelin (BPNM) to induce clinical EAN in SJL/J mice. After immunization with a combination of BPNM in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) and PT, mice developed severe consistent signs of EAN. The additional treatment of immunized mice with mrIL-12 prolonged the course of EAN characterized by earlier clinical signs of the disease and delayed the recovery stage. Mice injected with BPNM and CFA without PT developed mild clinical signs. Histological examination of the caudae equinae and the sciatic nerves taken from mice with clinical signs of EAN during the recovery stage revealed severe demyelination, remyelination and remnants of mononuclear cell infiltration. Moderate to severe EAN can be induced in SJL/J mice by the injection of a combination of BPNM in CFA and PT. This model can provide a better understanding of mechanism of demyelination in infiltrating peripheral neuropathy.
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Document Type: Abstract

Affiliations: Journal of Neuroimmunology 107: 1–7, 2000. Reprinted with permission from Elsevier Science BV.

Publication date: December 1, 2000

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