DEJERINE-SOTTAS DISEASE WITH A NOVEL DE NOVO DOMINANT MUTATION, SER 149 ARG, OF THE PERIPHERAL MYELIN PROTEIN 22
The Ser149Arg mutation of peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22) was found in a 19-year-old woman with a sporadic case of Dejerine-Sottas disease. The patient showed delayed motor development. She walked for the first time with support at the age of 2 years. Scoliosis developed at age 4 years. Her walking ability was best at age 11. Thereafter, she showed progressive muscle weakness and sensory disturbances in the distal extremities. At the age of 18 years, the use of a wheelchair became necessary. Motor and sensory nerve conduction studies showed absent motor and sensory responses on electrical stimulation of the limb nerves. A sural nerve biopsy specimen showed marked decreases in the numbers of both large and small myelinated fibers, abundant onion-bulb formation, and hypomyelination. Electron microscopic observation revealed the presence of demyelinated axons and myelin sheaths disproportionately thin relative to axon diameter. That this was a de novo mutation was established by parentage testing and PMP22 gene analysis of the parents. The mutation seems to be novel and dominant.
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Document Type: Abstract
Affiliations: Acta Neuropathologica 99: 327–330, 2000. Reprinted with permission from Springer Verlag.
Publication date: December 1, 2000