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Identifying key nursing and team behaviours to achieve high reliability

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miller k., riley w. & davis s.(2009) Journal of Nursing Management17, 247–255

Identifying key nursing and team behaviours to achieve high reliability Aim 

The aim of the present study was to measure markers of key nursing behaviours in interdisciplinary teams during critical events to assess the extent of high reliability. Background 

Technical and team competence are necessary to achieve high reliability to ensure safe patient care. Technical competence is generally assured because of professional training, licensure and practice standards. During critical events, team competence is difficult to observe, measure and evaluate in interdisciplinary teams. Method 

During critical events, in situ simulation was the method used to observe interdisciplinary interaction of nursing behaviours regarding communication. Seventeen trials were conducted and videotaped for evaluation at four hospital sites. Results 

Key nursing behavioural markers for interdisciplinary interaction were described: situational awareness, use of situation, background, assessment, recommendation-response (SBAR-R), closed-loop communication and shared mental model. Conclusion 

Skills necessary for nurses to contribute to highly reliable, interdisciplinary teams are not consistently observed during critical events and constitute breaches in defensive barriers for ensuring patient safety. Implications for nursing management 

Nurses have a key role in assuring effective team performance through the transfer of critical information. Nurses need to recognize and identify important clinical and environmental cues, and act in order to ensure that the team progresses along the optimal course for patient safety.
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Keywords: communication; in situsimulation; interdisciplinary interaction; nursing; teamwork

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: System Director of Clinical Safety, Fairview Health System, Minneapolis, MS 2: Assosiate Dean, Division of Health Policy & Management, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, MN 3: Medical Director of Teamwork & Simulation, Fairview Health System, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Publication date: March 1, 2009

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