Evaluation of digestive tolerance of a soluble corn fibre
Background: To assess consumers’ acceptance of a new fibre, it is essential to evaluate its digestive tolerance after ingestion. We aimed to determine the tolerance of increasing dosages of Promitor™ Soluble Gluco Fibre (SGF; Tate&Lyle, Hoffman Estates, IL, USA) up to 70 g fibre per day using a validated gastrointestinal composite score.
Methods: A composite score of gastrointestinal tolerance integrating gastrointestinal symptoms, stool frequency and consistency was applied. To statistically validate this composite score, the gastrointestinal tolerance of inulin (10 g versus 20 g containing, respectively, 9 g versus 18 g of fibre) was assessed in 18 healthy volunteers in a randomised double‐blind placebo‐controlled cross‐over study. Second, in a double‐blind placebo‐controlled cross‐over study with 20 healthy volunteers, the gastrointestinal tolerance of SGF in both acute and ‘spread over the day’ conditions of consumption was assessed.
Results: By contrast to 10 g, 20 g of inulin demonstrated a significant difference in composite score compared to placebo [P < 0.001, difference = 7.6; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 3.8–11.3]. These values were considered as reference during the second study. In acute conditions, 40 g of SGF fibre was the highest (threshold) dose tested that indicates the digestive tolerance criteria (difference from placebo on the composite score <7.6 and upper limit of the 95% CI <11.3); this is twice the amount tolerated for inulin. In ‘spread over the day’ conditions, 65 g of SGF fibre was the threshold dose (P < 0.001, difference = 6.5; 95% CI = 3.4–9.5).
Conclusions: The results of the present study demonstrate that 40 g of SGF fibre, when consumed as a single dose, and 65 g of SGF fibre, when consumed in multiple‐doses, across the day are well‐tolerated by healthy volunteers.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Biofortis, Bio Ouest –île de Nantes, Nantes, France 2: Faculté de Pharmacie – Laboratoire de Biochimie, Nantes, France 3: Tate and Lyle Health and Nutrition Sciences, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France 4: Tate & Lyle Health and Nutrition Sciences, Hoffman Estates, IL, USA
Publication date: 01 October 2012