Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Personal Identification by the Comparison of Facial Profiles: Testing the Reliability of a High‐Resolution 3D–2D Comparison Model

Buy Article:

$52.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:  Identification from video surveillance systems is frequently requested in forensic practice. The “3D–2D” comparison has proven to be reliable in assessing identification but still requires standardization; this study concerns the validation of the 3D–2D profile comparison. The 3D models of the faces of five individuals were compared with photographs from the same subjects as well as from another 45 individuals. The difference in area and distance between maxima (glabella, tip of nose, fore point of upper and lower lips, pogonion) and minima points (selion, subnasale, stomion, suprapogonion) were measured. The highest difference in area between the 3D model and the 2D image was between 43 and 133 mm2 in the five matches, always greater than 157 mm2 in mismatches; the mean distance between the points was greater than 1.96 mm in mismatches, <1.9 mm in five matches (p < 0.05). These results indicate that this difference in areas may point toward a manner of distinguishing “correct” from “incorrect” matches.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: LABANOF, Laboratorio di Antropologia e Odontologia Forense, DMU—Dipartimento di Morfologia e Scienze Biomediche, Sezione di Medicina Legale, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy. 2: Sezione di Misure e Tecniche Sperimentali, Dipartimento di Meccanica, Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Publication date: January 1, 2012

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more