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Computerized Image Analysis in Differentiation of Skin Lesions Caused by Electrocution, Flame Burns, and Abrasion

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Abstract: 

In the practice of forensic science, sometimes, it is not easy to understand whether skin lesion is due to electrocution and to differentiate the thermal burns and abrasion-type lesions, especially when electricity source cannot be revealed by death science investigation. Based on the causes of the lesions, cases were classified into three groups. Group 1 included 30 deaths from electrocution. Group 2 included 30 deaths with flame burns. Group 3 included 30 deaths from traffic accident cases, which had abrasions. In this study, epidermal nuclear area, perimeter, nuclear form factor, nuclear minimum axes, nuclear maximum axes, and minimum axes/maximum axes ratio were measured. As a result, we think that computerized image analysis beside light microscopic examination can be useful in the differentiation of the electrocution, flame burn, and abrasion type lesions.
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Keywords: abrasion; autopsy; computerized image analysis; electrocution; flame burns; forensic medicine

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Pathology, Medical Faculty, Uludag University, Bursa, Turkey. 2: Department of Morgue, Institute of Forensic Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey. 3: Department of Forensic Medicine, Medical Faculty, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Publication date: November 1, 2009

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