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Forensic Terrestrial Photogrammetry from a Single Image

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Forensic terrestrial photogrammetry is one of the most valuable and low-cost resources of spatial data available today. Due to the ephemeral crime scene characteristics, these photographs can often capture information that is never to be seen again. This paper presents a novelty approach for the documentation, analysis, and visualization of crime scenes for which only a single perspective image is available. The photogrammetric process consists of a few well-known steps in close-range photogrammetry: features extraction, vanishing points computation, camera self-calibration, 3D metric reconstruction, dimensional analysis, and interactive visualization. Likewise, the method incorporates a quality control of the different steps accomplished sequentially. As a result, several cases of study are presented in the experimental results section in order to test their viability. The full approach can be applied easily through the free software, sv3DVision, which has been evaluated by a number of police officers, forensic scientists, and forensic educators satisfactorily.
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Keywords: close-range photogrammetry; computer vision; crime scene; forensic science; geomatic engineering; software development

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Cartographic and Land Engineering, Salamanca University, 05003 Avila, Spain.

Publication date: November 1, 2009

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