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Fatal Renal Hemorrhage After Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy

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Renal hematoma is one of the most severe complications of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). ESWL is used in the noninvasive treatment of urinary calculosis. The shock waves can lead to capillary damage, renal parenchymal or subcapsular hemorrhage. We present a case with fatal complication and the result of the medico-legal evaluation. A 71-year-old woman was treated by ESWL, renal hematoma was detected during the clinical observation, and the patient died. The death occurred despite close clinical observation as a consequence of a rare complication of ESWL. The mechanism of death was hemorrhagic hypovolemic shock due to renal hemorrhage complications due to ESWL for treatment of renal calculi. This therapeutic complication is a known complication of appropriate treatment.
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Keywords: extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy; fatal outcome; forensic science; renal hematoma

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Forensic Medicine, Semmelweis University, Üllői út 93, 1091 Budapest, Hungary. 2: 2nd Department of Pathology, Semmelweis University, Üllői út 93, 1091 Budapest, Hungary.

Publication date: September 1, 2008

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