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Quality Assessment of Perinatal and Infant Postmortem Examinations in Turkey

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An autopsy examination is important in identifying the cause of death and as a means of auditing clinical and forensic practice; however, especially in perinatal and infantile age groups determining the cause of death leads to some difficulties in autopsy practice. In this study, 15,640 autopsies recorded during the years 2000–2004 in the Mortuary Department of the Council of Forensic Medicine were reviewed. Autopsy findings of 510 cases between 20 completed weeks of gestation and 1 year of age were analyzed retrospectively. The quality of each necropsy report was assessed using a modification of the system gestational age assessment described by Rushton, which objectively scores aspects identified by the Royal College of Pathologists as being part of a necropsy. According to their ages, the cases were subdivided into three groups. Intrauterine deaths were 31% (158 cases), neonatal deaths were 24% (123 cases), and infantile deaths were 45% (229 cases) of all cases. Scores for the quality of the necropsy report were above the minimum acceptable score with 44% in intrauterine, 88% in neonatal and infantile deaths.
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Keywords: audit; autopsy; forensic sciences; infant; perinatal

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Pathologist, Council of Forensic Medicine, A/10 D:69, 34900 Beylikdüzü, Istanbul, Turkey. 2: Department of Forensic Medicine, Marmara University Medical Faculty, Altunizade, Uskudar, Istanbul, Turkey.

Publication date: September 1, 2008

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