Migratory patterns of exotic brown trout Salmo trutta in south‐western Hokkaido, Japan, on the basis of otolith Sr:Ca ratios and acoustic telemetry
Acoustic telemetry and microchemical analysis of otolith strontium–calcium ratios were used to evaluate how exotic brown trout Salmo trutta have responded to Japanese riverine environments of south‐western Hokkaido by observing their migratory patterns. The existence of anadromous S. trutta was also verified. Most S. trutta caught in rivers for otolith analysis were freshwater residents (95·6%), whereas those caught in the sea were mainly smolts (91·3%), which had just migrated from rivers during spring. Anadromous S. trutta (n = 6) were captured in rivers and in the sea, confirming the existence of mature pre‐ and post‐spawning fish. According to telemetry results, both mature and immature S. trutta used the river in winter, and their estimated sea‐run timings showed individual differences. Through the combination of these two methods, migratory patterns on various spatio‐temporal scales were observed. This first documentation of the presence of both male and female anadromous S. trutta in the same region within Japan indicated the risk of further colonization of exotic S. trutta via oceanic migration.
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Document Type: Regular Paper
Publication date: 01 February 2012