Some biological characteristics of the endemic Neretvan nase, Chondrostoma knerii Heckel, 1843, in the Hutovo Blato wetlands (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
The paper presents for the first time important information regarding population structure, growth rate, length-weight relationships and reproductive aspects of the Neretvan nase, Chondrostoma knerii, a fish species endemic to the Neretva River. Chondrostoma knerii is mainly distributed in the lower parts and delta of the Neretva River wetlands and its tributaries (Krupa River, Hutovo Blato wetlands) shared between Croatia and Bosnia Herzegovina. Samples were collected between 2000 and 2001 during the reproduction period of the species in the Hutovo Blato wetlands area. Population structure analysis indicates that all ages appear, from 0 to 7+. Longevity was estimated at 7.5 years. Main age classes were 3, 4 and 5 years, totalling 91.00% of all individuals. Males ranged between 2 and 5+ years of age, and females between 1 and 7+ years of age. Maximum length was 28.04 cm and maximum weight, estimated from the length-weight relationship, as 206.8 g. Found scattered in streams of high water velocity, eggs were attached to the substrate (aquatic plants or solid objects). Correlation between egg number and length and weight was extremely low. The gonad-somatic index distribution showed an inverse proportionality with total length. Main length classes for reproduction ranged from 20 to 24 cm, while fecundity ranged between 2000 and 16 000 eggs per female.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department for Aquaculture, University of Dubrovnik, Dubrovnik, Croatia 2: Laboratory for Ichthyology and Coastal Fishery, Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Split, Croatia 3: Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute for Marine Biological Resources, Agios Kosmas, Hellinikon, Athens, Greece 4: Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina 5: Park of Nature ‘Hutovo Blato’, Karaotok, Čapljina, Bosnia-Herzegovina
Publication date: June 1, 2007