Resistance of 2ZrO2·Y2O3 top coat in thermal/environmental barrier coatings to calcia‐magnesia‐aluminosilicate attack at 1500°C
Internally cooled, hollow SiC‐based ceramic matrix composites (CMCs) components that may replace metallic components in the hot section of future high‐efficiency gas‐turbine engines will require multilayered thermal/environmental barrier coatings (T/EBCs) for insulation and protection. In the T/EBC system, the thermally insulating outermost (top coat) ceramic layer must also provide resistance to attack by molten calcia‐magnesia‐aluminosilicate (CMAS) deposits. The interactions between a potential candidate for top coat made of air‐plasma‐sprayed (APS) 2ZrO2·Y2O3 solid‐solution (ss) ceramic and two different CMASs (sand and fly ash) are investigated at a relevant high temperature of 1500°C. APS 2ZrO2·Y2O3(ss) top coat was found to resist CMAS penetration at 1500°C for 24 hours via reaction products that block CMAS penetration pathways. In situ X‐ray diffraction (XRD) studies have identified the main reaction product to be an Ca‐Y‐Si apatite, and have helped elucidate the proposed mechanism for CMAS attack mitigation. Ex situ electron microscopy and analytical spectroscopy studies have identified the advantageous characteristics of the reaction products in helping the CMAS attack mitigation in the APS 2ZrO2·Y2O3(ss) coating at 1500°C. Finally, the Y3+ solubility limit and transport behavior are identified as potential comparative tools for assessing the CMAS resistance ability of top‐coat ceramics.
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