Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Li‐Rich Vapor Transport Equilibration Temperature Dependence of Surface Composition of Initially Congruent LiNbO3 Crystal

Buy Article:

$52.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

The influence of Li‐rich vapor transport equilibration (VTE) on surface Li2O‐content of 1‐mm‐thick, congruent X‐, and Z‐cut LiNbO3 crystal plates was studied against the VTE temperature. The VTE‐induced surface Li2O‐content increase was evaluated from measured birefringence. The results show that the increase follows the traditional Arrhenius law with a surface Li2O‐content alteration constant (614 ± 136)/(91 ± 10) mol% and an activation energy (0.76 ± 0.05)/(0.53 ± 0.03) eV for the X/Z‐cut plate. An empirical expression that correlates the VTE‐induced surface Li2O‐content alteration with both the VTE temperature and duration is presented. The expression is useful for producing a near‐stoichiometric LiNbO3 plate with the desired surface Li2O‐content via balancing the VTE temperature and duration.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2012

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more