The Effects of BN Addition on the Mechanical Properties of Porous Si3N4/BN Ceramics Prepared Via Nitridation of Silicon Powder
Porous Si3N4/BN ceramics were prepared via nitridation of silicon powder, with Si and BN as starting powder, Y2O3 as sintering additive. After nitridation and sintering at 1680°C, porous Si3N4/BN ceramics with a porosity of 47%–51% and a flexural strength of 170–90 MPa were obtained. Compared with pure porous Si3N4 ceramics, the grains of porous Si3N4/BN ceramics were finer, the aspect ratio of -Si3N4 grains was higher, and the pore size was decreased, which can be attributed to grain-boundary pinning due to BN dispersions. The relatively high flexural strength was obtained with 5% BN addition. The porous Si3N4/BN ceramics also showed low shrinkage and machinable properties.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2011