Effects of Gd3+ Substitution on the Fabrication of Transparent (Y1−xGdx)3Al5O12 Ceramics
Gadolinium has been frequently used in scintillators to enhance the X-ray stopping power and in phosphors to improve the luminescent properties. In this paper, the fabrication of Gd3+-substituted transparent (Y1−xGdx)3Al5O12 (x=0.01, 0.5, 0.75, and 1) ceramics via solid reactive sintering has been investigated. The effects of Gd3+ substitution on the phase evolution of the powder mixture, sintering behavior of the powder compact, and properties of the resultant ceramics were mainly demonstrated. It is shown that Gd3+ substitution favors the formation of kinetically stable intermediate compounds, particularly REAlO3 (RE=Y+Gd), and thus retards the crystallization of an RE3Al5O12 garnet. The samples of x=1 composition cracked upon vacuum sintering at temperatures above 1600°C, mainly due to the volumetric expansion induced by garnet formation. The transparent Y1.48Gd1.5Ce0.02Al5O12 ceramic (inline transmittance: ∼65% at 800 nm) vacuum sintered at 1700°C shows an emission band peaked at ∼570 nm upon UV excitation at 340 nm, exhibiting a red-shift by ∼40 nm in comparison with the regular emission from YAG:Ce.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Key Laboratory for Anisotropy and Texture of Materials (Ministry of Education), Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004, China
Publication date: August 1, 2010