Fabrication and Electrical Properties of Bulk Textured LiCoO2
In order to study the orientation dependence of the electrical properties of layered structure cathode materials used in lithium-ion thin-film microbatteries, a typical composition, LiCoO2, has been hot-press sintered in bulk with a strong crystallographic texture. Microstructural characterization using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy showed that the degree of LiCoO2 texture depended upon the precise hot-press conditions used. There was a pronounced orientation of the polycrystalline LiCoO2c-axis in the pressing direction with a high Lotgering factor (f=0.96) for sintering at 950°C. The pronounced texture led to a remarkable anisotropy in electronic conductivity between directions parallel (∥) and perpendicular (⊥) to the pressing direction in the temperature range 190–400 K, with ⊥/∥=187 at 300 K. The results suggest that texture can be used to tune not only the well-known electrochemical performance of all-solid-state lithium-ion thin-film batteries, but also their electronic conductivity.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Materials, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PH, U.K. 2: Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU, U.K.
Publication date: July 1, 2010