Binary Phase Diagram of the Manganese Oxide–Iron Oxide System
The phase equilibrium of the MnOx–FeOy binary system was measured within a temperature range of 750°–1590°C in air to examine inconsistencies found in literature, i.e., discrepancies related to the boundary between the spinel and hausmannite+spinel phase fields. Several studies are available in the literature that describe this boundary however the results and methods by which they were studied vary namely in terms of the atmosphere (air versus reducing) used and heat treatment/analysis methods. In addition, samples in the discrepancy region of the diagram revert to the hausmannite phase spontaneously upon cooling due to a displacive transformation. In order to accurately measure the phase boundaries, the following measurement methods were used: isothermal heat treatments followed by rapid quenching (in air or water), dilatometry, differential thermal analysis with thermogravimetric analysis, as well as room temperature and hot-stage X-ray diffraction (XRD). Phase assemblage(s) in each specimen were determined by XRD. Data were compared with literature and a new, self consistent phase diagram was developed. The results are reported along with background information and a comparison with previously reported data. This study will support development of a model for thermodynamic equilibria in complex, multioxide silicate melts.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99354
Publication date: October 1, 2009