Oxyfluoronitride Glasses with High Elastic Modulus and Low Glass Transition Temperatures
The preparation and properties of novel calcium aluminosilicate glasses containing both nitrogen and fluorine are reported. Nitrogen increases Young's modulus and microhardness of oxide glasses by ∼25%. However, one of the major disadvantages of the use of oxynitride glasses for high-stiffness applications is the fact that nitrogen also increases glass viscosity. Melting temperatures of the order of ∼1700°C are required to achieve sufficiently low viscosities for glass forming and drawing processes. Fluorine substitution for oxygen in Ca–Si–Al–O–N glasses yields significant decreases in glass transition temperature and glass melting temperature as well as increasing nitrogen solubility to levels much higher than that previously reported for glasses made by melting CaO, SiO2, Si3N4, and Al2O3 powder mixtures. The important effect that N results in increased elastic modulus is not diminished by the addition of fluorine. Thus, it is possible to produce novel oxyfluoronitride glasses with a high elastic modulus but melting and working can be carried out at more conventional glass processing temperatures.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Materials and Surface Science Institute, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland
Publication date: May 1, 2009