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Chemistry and Morphology of Hydrogarnets Formed in Cement-Based CASH Hydroceramics Cured at 200° to 350°C

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We have studied the chemistry and the morphology of hydrogarnet crystals produced in cement-based hydroceramic materials at elevated temperatures (200°–350°C) with silica and alumina additions. Such materials lie within the hydrothermal CaO–Al2O3–SiO2–H2O (CASH) system. Hydrogarnet Ca3Al2(SiO4)3−y(OH)4y is the dominant aluminum bearing phase formed and its composition is influenced mainly by the curing temperature and to a lesser degree by the addition of silica. The composition parameter y was estimated by Rietveld refinement of X-ray diffraction (XRD) data. Electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) shows that the hydrogarnets incorporate minor elements such as Fe, Mg, and S. EPMA data confirmed the hydrogarnet composition estimated from XRD. Both octahedral and icositetrahedral forms are observed. The icositetrahedral form is associated with higher minor element content.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: School of Engineering and Centre for Science at Extreme Conditions, The University of Edinburgh, The King's Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JL, U.K.

Publication date: May 1, 2009

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