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The Effect of Conformation Method and Sintering Technique on the Densification and Grain Growth of Nanocrystalline 8 mol% Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia

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Uniaxial dry pressing (DP) and slip casting (SC) were used to form green bodies of nanocrystalline 8 mol% yttria-stabilized zirconia powder processed via the glycine-nitrate combustion method. The SC method was shown to be a more efficient, yielding more homogenous green bodies with higher green density (60% theoretical density) which contained smaller pores with narrower distribution. Improved green properties resulted in lowering the sintering temperature of SC bodies by about 200°C compared with DP compacts. Consequently, the grain growth in sintered bodies formed by SC was relatively abated. By taking the benefits of the wet conformation method, the final grain size of nearly full dense (>97% TD) structures was reduced by 39% (i.e. from 2.15 to 1.3 m). To reveal the effect of sintering technique, DP bodies were sintered via both microwave and two-step sintering methods. While the grain size of two-step sintered samples was <300 nm, sintering via microwave radiation yielded a nearly full dense structure with a mean grain size of 0.9 m. The results show that conventionally sintered SC bodies posses higher indentation fracture toughness (FT) (∼3 MPa·m1/2) compared with DP samples (1.6 MPa·m1/2). Interestingly, it was shown that, without applying any modified sintering technique, the hardness and FT of SC bodies with coarser structures are completely close to those of samples sintered via microwave heating.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Materials and Energy Research Center, P.O. Box 14155-4777, Tehran, Iran 2: Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran

Publication date: May 1, 2009

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