Pressureless Sintering of Zirconium Diboride: Particle Size and Additive Effects
Zirconium diboride (ZrB2) was densified by pressureless sintering using <4-wt% boron carbide and/or carbon as sintering aids. As-received ZrB2 with an average particle size of ∼2 m could be sintered to ∼100% density at 1900°C using a combination of boron carbide and carbon to react with and remove the surface oxide impurities. Even though particle size reduction increased the oxygen content of the powders from ∼0.9 wt% for the as-received powder to ∼2.0 wt%, the reduction in particle size enhanced the sinterability of the powder. Attrition-milled ZrB2 with an average particle size of <0.5 m was sintered to nearly full density at 1850°C using either boron carbide or a combination of boride carbide and carbon. Regardless of the starting particle size, densification of ZrB2 was not possible without the removal of oxygen-based impurities on the particle surfaces by a chemical reaction.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, Missouri 65409
Publication date: May 1, 2008