Relationship between the Mesoporous Intermediate Layer Structure and the Gas Permeation Property of an Amorphous Silica Membrane Synthesized by Counter Diffusion Chemical Vapor Deposition
An amorphous silica membrane with an excellent hydrogen/nitrogen (H2/N2) permselectivity of >10 000 and a He/H2 permselectivity of 11 was successfully synthesized on a -alumina (-Al2O3)-coated α-alumina (α-Al2O3) porous support by counter diffusion chemical vapor deposition using tetramethylorthosilicate and oxygen at 873 K. An amorphous silica membrane possessed a high H2 permeance of >1.0 × 10−7 mol·(m2·s·Pa)−1 at ≥773 K. The dominant permeation mechanism for He and H2 at 373–873 K was activated diffusion. On the other hand, that for CO2, Ar, and N2 at 373–673 K was a viscous flow. At ≥673 K, that for CO2, Ar, and N2 was activated diffusion. H2 permselectivity was markedly affected by the permeation temperature, thickness, and pore size of a -Al2O3 mesoporous intermediate layer.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Japan Fine Ceramics Center, Nagoya 456-8587, Japan 2: Shibaura Institute of Technology, Tokyo 135-8548, Japan 3: University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan
Publication date: January 1, 2008