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Synthesis, Physical, and Mechanical Properties of Bulk Zr3Al3C5 Ceramic

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An in situ reactive hot-pressing process using zirconium (zirconium hydride), aluminum, and graphite as staring materials and Si and Y2O3 as additives was used to synthesize bulk Zr3Al3C5 ceramics. This method demonstrates the advantages of easy synthesis, lower sintering temperature, high purity and density, and improved mechanical properties of synthesized Zr3Al3C5. Its electrical and thermal properties were measured. Compared with ZrC, Zr3Al3C5 has a relatively low hardness (Vickers hardness of 12.5 GPa), comparable stiffness (Young's modulus of 374 GPa), but superior strength (flexural strength of 488 GPa) and toughness (fracture toughness of 4.68 MPa·m1/2). In addition, the stiffness decreases slowly with increasing temperature and at 1600°C remains 78% of that at ambient temperature, indicating that Zr3Al3C5 is a potential high-temperature structural ceramic.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Shenyang National Laboratory for Materials Science, Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China

Publication date: April 1, 2007

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