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Tensile Creep Behavior of SiC-Based Fibers With a Low Oxygen Content

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The creep behavior of Hi-Nicalon, Hi-Nicalon S, and Tyranno SA3 fibers is investigated at temperatures up to 1700°C. Tensile tests were carried out on a high-capability fiber testing apparatus in which the fiber is heated uniformly under vacuum. Analysis of initial microstructure and composition of fibers was performed using various techniques. All the fibers experienced a steady-state creep. Primary creep was found to be more or less significant depending on fiber microstructure. Steady-state creep was shown to result from grain-boundary sliding. Activation energy and stress exponents were determined. Creep mechanisms are discussed on the basis of activation energy and stress exponent data. Finally, tertiary creep was observed at very high temperatures. Tertiary creep was related to volatilization of SiC. Results are discussed with respect to fiber microstructure.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Laboratoire des Composites Thermostructuraux, UMR 5801: CNRS–Snecma–CEA–UB1, 33600 Pessac, France

Publication date: April 1, 2007

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