Matrix-type nickel oxide (NiO)/samarium-doped ceria (SDC) composite particles, in which NiO and SDC nano-particles were homogeneously dispersed, were synthesized by spray pyrolysis (SP) for an anode precursor of intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs). SP of an aqueous solution containing Ni, Ce, and Sm salts resulted in capsule-type composite particles that had NiO enveloped with SDC. The capsule-type composite particles actually prevent Ni aggregation between particles, but they cannot have a large contact area between nickel (Ni) and SDC. A matrix-type composite particle is expected to have a large contact area because the matrix-type composite is comprised of nanometer-sized Ni and SDC particles. An adequate addition of ethylene glycol successfully resulted in matrix-type NiO/SDC composite particles. The matrix-type composite particles also showed higher anode performance than the capsule-type composite particles in these experiments and they were effective as precursors of high-performance IT-SOFC anodes.
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Document Type: Research Article
Materials R&D Laboratory, Japan Fine Ceramics Center, Nagoya 456-8587, Japan
Energy Use R&D Center, The Kansai Electric Power Company Inc., Hyogo 661-0974, Japan
Publication date: April 1, 2007