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Dynamic Fracture of Ceramics in Armor Applications

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Ceramic materials have been extensively used in armor applications for both personnel and vehicle protection. As the types of threats have diversified recently, e.g., improvised explosive devices and explosively formed projectiles, a proper set of ceramic material selection criteria is needed to design and optimize corresponding mitigating structures. However, the dynamic fracture and failure behavior of engineering ceramics is still not well understood. Using examples of thin ceramic plates and confined thick ceramics subjected to kinetic energy projectile impact, this article provides a brief summary on the current understanding of dynamic failure processes of ceramics under dynamic penetration loading conditions. Laboratory examination of dynamic fracture of ceramics is conducted using split Hopkinson bars with various loading rates, stress states, and loading histories.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: AAE and MSE Schools, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-2023 2: U.S. Army Research Office, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709-2211

Publication date: April 1, 2007

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