Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Model Apatite Systems for the Stabilization of Toxic Metals: II, Cation and Metalloid Substitutions in Chlorapatites

Buy Article:

$52.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Environmental chlorapatites, of the form A10(BxC1−xO4)6Cl2, where A=Ca, Cd, or Pb; B/C=P, V, or Cr and 0≤x≤1, were synthesized by solid-state reactions. Crystal structure variations, primarily lattice parameters, were examined through powder X-ray diffraction methods, while performance and long-term durability of these waste form apatites were assessed by a combination of the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) and the American Nuclear Society (ANS) method. As expected, an overall dilation of unit cell edges was observed with increasing ionic substitutions. However, a discontinuity in linearity was often observed, generally for x≥0.5. The correlation of microstructural changes and leach testing shows that lead chlorapatite is found to be more suitable for waste stabilization than calcium and cadmium analogues.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Centre for Advanced Research of Ecomaterials, Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Innovation Centre, Singapore, Singapore

Publication date: May 1, 2005

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more