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Stability of Mullite Protective Coatings for Silicon-Based Ceramics

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Silicon-based ceramics are prone to severe oxidation and volatilization problems in the presence of water vapor. To address these issues, mullite has been investigated in recent years as a possible protective coating material. To analyze the stability of such coatings, a multi-species diffusion model for ionic species is developed. Onsager reciprocity is assumed for the mobility coefficients and the resulting moving boundary problem is solved numerically. The formulation also accounts for substantial Si volatilization away from the outer surface of the coating. This model is used to analyze an initial transient leading to the formation of an internal silica layer, a second transient period that follows this silica formation, and a steady-state regime that can only be attained if Si diffusion is sufficiently fast.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Division of Engineering, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island 02912 2: Metals and Ceramics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831

Publication date: May 1, 2005

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