Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) was applied to synthesize α-SiAlON powders doped by RE (RE = Eu,Pr,Ce) and codoped by RE and yttrium. The results showed that the weight ratio of α-SiAlON to (α-SiAlON +β-SiAlON) decreased from 70%, 55%, and 25% for europium-, praseodymium-, and cerium-doped α-SiAlON compositions, respectively, and the weight percentage of α-SiAlON phase increased to 100% for both (Eu,Y) and (Pr,Y) systems and 94% for the (Ce,Y) system, indicating SHS is a promising approach for synthesizing α-SiAlONs stabilized by the cations that could not be incorporated into the α-SiAlON structure by conventional sintering methods.
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self-propagating high-temperature synthesis
Document Type: Research Article
The State Key Lab of High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure, Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shanghai 200050, P. R. China
School of Physics and Materials Engineering, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria 3800, Australia
Publication date: April 1, 2004