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Effect of Double Reinforcements on Elevated-Temperature Strength and Toughness of Molybdenum Disilicide

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Flexural strength and fracture toughness of molybdenum disilicide and its composites with 10 wt% TiB2 and 10 wt% TiB2+ 10 wt% SiC, synthesized by the hot-pressing technique, were evaluated as a function of temperature, ranging from ambient temperature to 1600°C. Results show that the composites have higher strength and slightly lower toughness as compared with monolithic MoSi2 at room temperature. At high temperatures, the composites exhibit higher strength as well as higher toughness vis-à-vis monolithic MoSi2. Among the composites, the double reinforcement of SiC and TiB2 was found to be more effective in improving the mechanical properties. A transition from brittle to ductile behavior was observed at temperatures greater than 1300°C for all materials tested. The high-temperature mechanical behavior was found to be significantly influenced by the flow of an intergranular glassy phase and the attendant cavity nucleation and growth along the grain boundaries. Micromechanisms responsible for the ambient as well as the elevated-temperature property improvement in composites are discussed with the aid of fractography.
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Keywords: composite; high temperature; molybdenum disilicide

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Materials Division, National Aerospace Laboratories, Bangalore 560 017, India 2: Research Laboratory for Nuclear Reactors, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1, O-okayama, Tokyo, 152-8550, Japan 3: Department of Metallurgy, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India

Publication date: April 1, 2004

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